March 17, 2017


A large scale, dramatic, musical composition for orchestra, chorus, and soloists, with a text portraying a biblical or sacred theme, presented without sets, scenery, or costumes. Often includes a narrator (historicus), soloists portray specific characters, recitative not delivered rapidly - importa...

March 15, 2017

Just for the record: I did not draw that ^ ...  but I do find it amusing, lol.  


Sostenuto: Sustaining tones. 

It is important that the student begin their tone with a clean and neat beginning ( no air before the tone is produced, and neither a harsh attack, but a happy coordinated beginning in...

March 15, 2017

American song is as eclectic as the cultures that make up the USA. Its song style defies description. Ned Rorem is considered to be the foremost American song composer and the man who helped make american art song a great genre. Although American composers are interested in producing vocal works, they are still goo...

March 14, 2017

Carol Kimball states in her book Song: A guide to art song style and literature, "British song has a history of peaks and valleys. Music flourished during the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, languished in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and regained its strengthen and quality in the twenti...

March 14, 2017

With the development of opera happening in the1600's, Song could hardly compete. Early Italian song is ​​frequently used for beginning vocal study.  

Here is a handy tool I found on the internet: Handy Tool

Early Song:

These will be quick since I am most familiar with this period in music. 


- Amarilli mia bella


March 14, 2017

The history leading up to mélodie

Descending from the troubadour traditions, and the romance, Mélodie is said to begin with Berlioz and end with Poulenc. 130 years. 

Where did this trend come from? 

Schubert published his lieder in France and it became very popular and spread throughout the country wh...

March 13, 2017

The Singers Formant cluster is mostly regarded among men. It is the clustering of F3, F4, and F5.  

SFC occurs when:

(1) there is firm glottal closer (a bright ring in the voice),

(2) a low and stable laryngeal posture,

(3) the aryepiglottic sphincter is narrowed,

(4) and the pharynx is open.

These four things must occur...

March 13, 2017

Carl Emil Seashore (1866-1949)

Using phono-photographic recordings of musical performances and speech and psychophysic measurements on the perception of the vibrato, Carl E. Seashores' research on Vibrato at the Univerisity of Iowa is the most extensive research that has ever been done since the 1920's/30's....

March 13, 2017

Observation of Florid Song - 1723 Italian, 1743 English 


- Most important treatise of the 18th Century because if was the first FULL treatise on singing. 

- Tosi was a castrato who addressed his treatise to the soprano voice 

- uses the terms "Voce di Petto" (Chest voice) and "Voce di Testa" (head v...

March 13, 2017

CHIAROSCURO: Bright and Dark. The result of  laryngeal source and the resonating system interacting in such a way as to present a spectrum of harmonics perceived by the listener as a resonant BALANCED VOCAL QUALITY.  #openthroat

The first time the term CHIAROSCURO appears is in 1774 in Mancini's treatise "Pract...

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